Wednesday, April 25, 2007

Short Listed Diseases

Shortlisted diseases

rat bite fever
typhoid fever
murine typhus

Suspected Diseases

1. Leptospirosis
Causative agent: Leptosira
Symptoms: Fever, Headache, Chills, Vomiting, Jaundice, Anemia and Rash
Transmission: Through the urine of an infected animal>ncoid>dbmd>diseaseinfo>leptospirosis >medlineplus>ency>article>001376.htm

2. Lyme Disease
Causative agent: Borrelia burgdorferi (a bacterium called spirochete that is carried by deer ticks)
Symptoms: Expanding rash (EM), Swelling of lymph glands near tick bite
Generalized achiness, Chills, Fever, Fatigue and Headache
Transmission: An infected tick can transmit the spirochete to the humans and animals it bites


3. Endemic typhus
Causative agent: Rickettsia typhi
Symptoms: Headache, Fever, Chills, Myalgia, Nausea, Vomiting and Cough
Transmission: Transmitted by the fleas that infest rats >wiki>Typhus

4. Gastroenteritis
Causative agent: Bacteria, Viruses, or other Parasites
Symptoms: Stomach pain, Diarrhoea and Vomiting
Transmission: Through close contact with infected or become infected by eating or drinking contaminated foods or beverages. >pests >ncidod>dvrd>revb>gastro>faq

5. Toxocariasis
Causative agent: Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati
Symptoms: Pruritus, Rash, Difficulty breathing, General weakness and Abdominal pain
Transmission: Caused by the migration of larvae through the internal organs of humans and the accompanying inflammatory reaction >wiki>Toxocariasis

6. Brucellosis
Causative agent: Brucella
Symptoms: Inconstant fevers, Sweating, Weakness, Anorexia, Headaches, Depression and Muscular and Bodily pain
Transmission: Either through contaminated or untreated milk (and its derivates) or through direct contact with infected animals >wiki>Brucellosis

7. Toxoplasmosis
Causative agent: Toxoplasma gondii
Symptoms: Body aches, Swollen lymph nodes, Fever and Fatigue
Transmission: Cats become infected if they eat infected rats or are fed raw, contaminated meat or eat infected soil thus once ingested, T. gondii burrows into the walls of the cat's small intestine >health>toxoplasmosis

8. TriChinosis
Causative agent: Trichinella spiralis
Symptoms: Nausea, Heartburn, Indigestion, diarrhea (when infected in the intestine)
Headaches, Fevers, Chills, Cough and Aching joints (different parts of body)
Transmission: Animals such as pigs, dogs, cats, rats and many wild animals (including fox, wolf and polar bear) may harbor the parasite. They can also be transmitted through consuming infected pork or animal meal. >wiki>trichinosis/ >diseases>communicable>trichinosis>fact_sheet

9. Rat bite fever
Causative agent: Streptobacillus Moniliformis
Symptoms: High fever, General weakness and Rash
Transmission: By food and water which are contaminated with rat feces or urine >WildRatDisease

10. Bubonic Plagues
Causative agent:Y pestis
Symptoms: Fever, Chills, Myalgias, Sore throat, Headache, Weakness, Enlarged, Painful, swollen lymph node, Abdominal pain, Nausea, Vomiting (bloody at times), Constipation, Diarrhoea, and Black or tarry stools, Gastrointestinal complaints (may precede a bubo), Cough, which may be productive of bloody sputum, Shortness of breath, Stiff neck (if meningitic infiltration by plague bacillus has occurred
Transmission: Transmitted from a host to a human via the bite of a vector, via close contact with infected tissue or body fluids, and via direct inhalation of the bacterium. >emerg>topic428.htm

11. Typhoid Fever
Causative agent: Salmonella Typhi
Symptoms: Sustained fever as high as 103° to 104° F (39° to 40° C), Weakness, Stomach pains, Headache, or Loss of appetite, Rash of flat, Rose-colored spots.
Transmission: ingestion of food or water contaminated with feces from an infected person >ncidod>dbmd>diseaseinfo>typhoidfever >wiki>typhoid fever

M Mic tutorial 1-4- A stimulated case

A 85-year-old mate was found to be staying in one-room flat. it is found that his mattress was soiled with human excreta and urine. The premise is infested with cockroaches, fleas and rats. It is known to the neighbours that the elderly man has the habit of feeding stray dogs and cats in the neighbourhood.

The elderly man was referred to a nursing home and presented with high fever, rash and general weakness.

How would you approach this situation in order to provide the final diagnosis of the suspected microorganism[s]?

Group's Expectation

1. Be Responsible
2. Be punctual for meetings and handing in work
3. Contribution
4. Communication
5. Cooperation
6. Fun